Tuguegarao is a second class city situated along the banks of Cagayan River in Cagayan Valley, secluded by the Cordillera, Sierra Madre, and Caraballo mountains, in its west, east and south, respectively.

Tuguegarao City, the capital of the Province of Cagayan and the Regional Center of Cagayan Valley (Region 02) is a major urban center in Northeastern Luzon and a Primary Growth Center. Historically, it is important as the provincial capital of the Province of Cagayan, as a trading center for the Tobacco Monopoly and as the only center for the higher education in Northeast Luzon.

The original inhabitants of Tuguegarao were the Irayas and the Itawes, who built houses and subsisted on fishing, hunting, farming, and livestock raising. They wove cloth and made household and farm implements

Today, Tuguegaro City is a bustling commercial, education and government center with tall buildings, sprawling school campuses and a government center site. It is now an emerging metropolis and a backbone support to the Cagayan Special Economic Zone (CEZA) and Free Port in Sta. Ana, Cagayan and the Cauayan City Regional Agro-Industrial Center in Isabela.

It is the regional tourism service center because of its accessibility to tourism attractions, spots and destinations and because of the existence of reliable facilities for land, water and air transport, communications, power, health, protective services, and finance as well as amenities for dining, lodging, recreation and souvenir shops.